From the 44th west highway about an hour drive to Auschwitz – a small and peaceful town with a population of nearly 40,000 located right at the confluence of the Isla River and the Sola River. This place was known throughout the world as the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Second World War after the Nazis invaded Poland. Therefore, the place is a wonderful destination which you can not miss when visiting Praha. 72 years ago, the world was astonished to know Auschwitz – a complex of three camps, including concentration camps, labor camps and camps of destruction.
In the cool and calm air, beside the ruins and artifacts displayed in the museum, visitors are likely to watch slow-motion footage of unspeakable crimes. In the most vicious slaughterhouse of human history, it operated by Nazi Germany during World War II. In fact, about 1.1 million people died here, most of them Jews, the rest were prisoners of war, the Digan, young children. They were abused and killed by the most brutal torture, from beatings, starvation, hard labor at factories, medical experiments to the climax of gas chambers, incinerators, collective burial pit and etc. Therefore, when visiting the place, tourists will have different feelings from scared to touch their heart. Tourists stroll through the old prison grounds with two thick layers of barbed wire barbed wire surrounded in silence, only the sight and the eyes drooping when passing through each room, each picture Faint black and white photos. At the gas chambers and the crematorium, the painful emotions of the people seemed to burst into place. A room with ventilation slots is just over hand, and somewhere many prisoners of war are deceived that they will be given a shower and litter. Then, they crammed each other to get rid of the dirty prison garb with the desire to have some warm water cleansing the body of the dirt. However, in fact, they are entering the dead when they come in, the door slammed shut and the ventilation holes where the gas is pumped. Somewhere deep down, visitors still seem to hear moaning from the sickly, crooked, crummy, coughing and choking sounds of the gas. Next to the gas chambers is a furnace with black steel furnace doors. There are still rails and wagons carrying dead prisoners in unrecognizable dead, they themselves are witnesses of the unpardonable crime of Nazi Germany.
This concentration camp was used by the Allies as an infirmary, mainly for prisoners of war. Furthermore, there are some war crimes for SS members operating the camp took place here, 12% of the 7,000 SS officers were convicted of war crimes. The first officer- Rufolf Hoss, was one of those sentenced to death and hanged at the place where he had committed the crime. Far away, a wooden platform with hanging posts is where the chief of the penitentiary is still standing in the sad light.
Every year, Auschwitz welcomes more than 1 million visitors from all over the world, many of whom are descendants of prisoners who have been imprisoned or died at the concentration camp. After the war ended, the Soviet Union and its allies destroyed most of the structures, factories, prisons and crematoriums there to avoid arousing grief. Some of the chemical plants built by Nazi Germany were retained and maintained by the Polish government at that time, creating many jobs for local people. In 1947, the Polish authorities turned some of the archives into museums to tell the world about the Nazi crimes committed. In 1974, the Auschwitz camp was recognized by Unesco as a World Heritage Site. Stepping away from the place where hell was, everyone was wondering and still can not find the answer why humans can treat each other so cruel. Hopefully the pain will never recur.